Macedonia braced for huge anti-government protest

People protest in front of riot police guarding the Ministry of Internal Affairs during an anti-government protest in Skopje. AFP
Macedonia\’s opposition was set to lead a major rally on Sunday in the troubled Balkan country, as the conservative government grapples with a deep political crisis and an outbreak of violence.
The protests, set to start at 2:00 pm (1200 GMT), are the culmination of months of wrangling between conservative Prime Minister Nikola Gruevski and his centre-left opponents, which has already sparked clashes on the streets of the capital Skopje.
The opposition vowed that Sunday\’s protest would be peaceful, although in the morning hours police brought large amount of anti-riot gear, while volunteers left bottles of water in front of the government building where thousands were expected to gather on the hot day.
"I am going to the protest, I want to be part of voices who demand and bring changes," said 56-year old architect Borce, who refused to give his last name.
The country\’s troubles deepened last weekend with a shootout in the northern town of Kumanovo between police and ethnic Albanian rebels that left 18 people dead, including eight police officers.
It marked the worst unrest in the former Yugoslav republic since its 2001 conflict between the government and ethnic Albanian rebels.
The opposition Social Democratic Union of Macedonia (SDSM), led by Zoran Zaev, is calling for the government to resign, accusing the ruling party of wiretapping 20,000 people, including politicians, journalists and religious leaders.
Zaev has released snippets of the alleged recordings that appear to show widespread government corruption, a murder cover-up and other wrongdoings.
His party has also boycotted parliament since an election in April last year, in which it claims Gruevski\’s VMRO-DPMNE party committed fraud.
"The time has come to show that we no longer want to live in a state led by Gruevski. See you Sunday," said an SDSM statement.
Gruevski has remained defiant, insisting in an interview late Saturday that he would not resign.
His government denies making the phone recordings released by Zaev, but not that the voices are authentic, although it says some are heavily edited or out of context.
The government in turn accuses Zaev and his followers of spying and of seeking to destabilise the country. It is due to hold a rival street protest on Monday.
Gruevski, Zaev and ethnic Albanian party leaders held talks this week to resolve the crisis, which could further hamper Macedonia\’s stalled bid for EU and NATO membership.
All sides pledged to condemn violence and support democratic values, but there was little sign of a serious resolution.
Two ministers and the intelligence chief resigned on Tuesday, after being accused of involvement in the wire-tapping scandal.
But Muamer Pajaziti, a Macedonian professor on European integration at Pristina University, said the resignations were only "a manoeuvre of survival" by an increasingly unpopular government.
"The opposition and the public will not accept it as a solution. There is a critical mass for change led by the opposition. Slowly, on a larger scale, there are preparations for a broad anti-government coalition," Pajaziti told AFP.
Thirty alleged gunmen, including 18 ethnic Albanians from neighbouring Kosovo, have been charged with terror offences following last weekend\’s shootout in Kumanovo.
But the opposition and analysts suggested the timing of the unrest was suspicious, given the huge pressure facing Gruevski\’s government.
Ethnic Albanians make up about one quarter of Macedonia\’s 2.1 million population.
Macedonia obtained EU candidate status in 2005, but is yet to begin accession talks.
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