Obama defends Iran nuclear deal as battle moves to Congress

US President Barack Obama speaks about the Iran nuclear deal during a press conference in the East Room of the White House on July 15, 2015 in Washington, DC (AFP Photo/Brendan Smialowski)
US President Barack Obama sought Wednesday to defend a ground-breaking deal to curb Iran\’s nuclear program from a tide of criticism, saying "profound differences" would remain with the Islamic republic.
Amid fears Washington was seeking to cozy up to its long-time foe with an agreement that might not stand the test of time, Obama said: "Even with this deal, we will continue to have profound differences with Iran."
"Iran still poses challenges to our interests and values," the US leader told reporters, citing "its support of terrorism and its use of proxies to destabilize parts of the Middle East."
Only a day after world powers agreed a deal after almost two years of negotiations to stop Iran acquiring a nuclear bomb, Obama went on the offensive to stop skeptics at home and abroad from seeking to derail the long-awaited accord.
The agreement, signed on Tuesday after 18 days of marathon talks in Vienna, aims to roll back Tehran\’s nuclear program in return for lifting sanctions that have crippled Iran\’s economy.
It was hailed by the United States, the European Union, Iran and NATO — all of whom hope the deal will end decades of bad blood between the Middle East\’s major Shiite Muslim power and the West — but branded a "historic mistake" by Tehran\’s archfoe Israel.
"With this deal, we cut off every single one of Iran\’s pathways to a nuclear program," Obama insisted at a White House press conference.
"And Iran\’s nuclear program will be under severe limits for many years. Without a deal, those pathways remain open."
He insisted Iran\’s nuclear program would be under unprecedented monitoring by the UN watchdog.
Obama agreed that "Israel has legitimate concerns about its security relative to Iran."
But he insisted that no one, including Israel, had provided a better alternative to the deal, and "all those threats are compounded if Iran gets a nuclear weapon."
"For all the objections of Prime Minister (Benjamin) Netanyahu — or, for that matter, some of the Republican leadership that\’s already spoken — none of them have presented to me or the American people a better alternative," he said.
Obama insisted that Washington was not seeking to "normalize diplomatic relations" with Iran.
"Will we try to encourage them to take a more constructive path? Of course, but we\’re not betting on it," Obama said.
Iranian women wave the national flag during celebration in northern Tehran on July 14, 2015 (AFP Photo/Atta Kenare)
The United States Wednesday presented a draft resolution to the UN Security Council asking it to endorse the historic deal, which could be voted on as early as Monday or Tuesday, diplomats said.
The draft text seeks formal UN approval for the hard-won, ground-breaking agreement.
The resolution would also replace the existing framework of Security Council sanctions with the restrictions set out in the agreement, under which Iran has dismantle or mothball much of its nuclear industry.

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