Yemeni pro-government forces were locked in heavy fighting with rebels that left 39 people dead on Thursday, as they pressed a Saudi and UAE-backed offensive to retake the key aid hub of Hodeida.
The clashes came as the UN Security Council met for urgent talks on the military operation, which Russia warned could have "catastrophic consequences" for the entire country.
Yemeni forces backed by a Saudi-led coalition launched an assault on Wednesday to recapture the port city of Hodeida, which has been controlled by the Iran-allied Huthi rebels along with the capital Sanaa since 2014.
Military sources said coalition gunships pounded rebel positions as fighting raged several kilometres (miles) from Hodeida airport, south of the city.
The Huthis suffered 30 fatalities on Thursday in the clashes, medical sources told AFP.
Nine pro-government troops were killed in the same area, the medics said. Military sources said the deaths were caused by mines and snipers.
An AFP correspondent south of Hodeida airport saw ambulances evacuating dead and wounded government loyalist fighters as reinforcements headed towards the front line.
The United Arab Emirates, a driving force in the coalition, said four of its troops were killed on the first day of the offensive Wednesday including at least one navy officer.
The Huthis\’ television channel earlier said they had struck a coalition ship off the coast of Hodeida with two missiles. There was no independent confirmation of the report.
– Port remains open –
The United Nations has warned against an offensive on Hodeida because the port serves as the entry point for 70 percent of Yemen\’s imports, with the country already teetering on the brink of famine after three years of war.
On Thursday, authorities said the Red Sea lifeline remained open to shipping.
"We still have seven ships in the port. The work in the port is normal. And we have five other ships standing by waiting outside to enter," port director Dawood Fadel told AFP.
Two Saudi and UAE aid ships were in the waters off Hodeida, coalition spokesman Turki al-Maliki told Saudi state media.
Riyadh and Abu Dhabi, which intervened against the Huthis in 2015 with the goal of restoring Yemen\’s government to power, have pledged to ensure a continuous flow of aid to the Arab world\’s poorest nation.
Abdullah al-Rabeeah, the head of Saudi Arabia\’s King Salman Aid and Relief Centre, pledged an air, sea and land bridge would be opened "to transport aid and medical supplies, food, shelter and fuel other basic necessities".
Capturing Hodeida would be the biggest victory for the Saudi-led coalition since the start of its costly intervention.
International aid groups cautioned the threat of a major humanitarian catastrophe was growing as fighting drew closer to Hodeida, with the UN estimating some 600,000 people live in and around the city.
"As air strikes intensify and front lines move closer to Hodeida city, so does the very real threat of harm to civilians in Hodeida," said the Norwegian Refugee Council\’s acting country director Christopher Mzembe.
The group warned of a "high risk" of a fresh cholera outbreak around Hodeida should water supplies be disrupted.
– \’Situation must change\’ –
The UN says military action could cripple desperately needed deliveries of commercial goods and humanitarian aid to millions in the aid-dependent country.
Before the Security Council met behind closed doors, Sweden called for the UN body to demand an immediate halt to the assault to allow time for talks on a rebel withdrawal and to avert a humanitarian disaster.
Russia said "the offensive against Hodeida risks triggering catastrophic consequences for all of Yemen".
Yemen\’s internationally recognised government earlier said negotiations had failed to force the rebels from Hodeida, and a grace period for UN-led peace efforts was over.
Nevertheless, the UN envoy for Yemen, Martin Griffiths, has continued to hold talks on keeping Hodeida open and has urged all sides to exercise restraint.
But UAE Minister of State for Foreign Affairs Anwar Gargash insisted in a statement that "it is clear that for the UN-led political process to succeed, the situation on the ground must change".
On Monday, the Security Council said it supported Griffiths\’ diplomatic efforts but did not call on Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates to refrain from attacking Hodeida.
Aides to the Yemen\’s Saudi-backed President Abedrabbo Mansour Hadi, who has spent much of the war in exile in Riyadh, said he was preparing Thursday to visit the southern port city of Aden, where the government set up its base after it was ousted from Sanaa.
More than 22 million people in Yemen are in need of aid, including 8.4 million who are at risk of starvation, according to the United Nations, which considers Yemen to be the world\’s worst humanitarian crisis.